Highlights from the Chinese End of the Silk Road

Most of us associate the Silk Road with Marco Polo, the great 13th century explorer. Simply evoking the words “Silk Road” or “Silk Route” immediately stimulates the imagination and gets any traveller’s wanderlust flowing. After finding a cheap flight and getting my China travel visa, I was on my way to Hong Kong last September. 30 hours later, I arrived by train in Xi’an, the departure point of the Silk Road. Here are my impressions of China’s most famous route!

traveller ready to board Chinese train to Xi’an
Boarding the 30 hour train for Xi’an.

The Silk Road: a legendary travel itinerary

The Silk Road, or rather, Roads plural (there are more than one), link Turkey to China via central Asia. A traveller would need several months to cover such a formidable distance, which is I why I decided to dedicate my trip to China, the first leg of the Silk Road, and discover the province of Gansu. I spent three and a half weeks in the Chinese countryside, following the footsteps of the caravans of yore that transported silk and other goods to Europe. Talk about a mythical itinerary for a young travel blogger!

map of Chinese destinations along silk road
Pinning the top destinations and highlights of my trip along the Silk Road.

Ride camels & caravans

The Chinese portion of the Silk Road crosses mostly desert terrain starting in the Gobi Desert to the Taklimakan. Crossing these gigantic, hostile lands requires camels and caravans. This is exactly the image that always came to mind whenever I heard “Silk Road”, and it’s still the case today. Long convoys of camels and merchants loaded with goods and wares brave the harsh desert climate.

silk road camel riders in Chinese desert
Long lines of camels and riders. A typical sight along the Silk Road, even today.

Let me paint you a picture: Dunhuang, or “Singing-Sand Mountain,” is at the heart of a landscape whipped by musical gusts of wind. This is where I took my first camel ride. Although I usually avoid such popular tourist activities, I now have a very fond memory of my first contact with this adorable mammal.
Canadian traveller on first camel ride on Silk Road of China
My first contact with camels—aren’t they cute?

Discover China’s first traces of Buddhism

Along with transporting delicate textiles and goods for trade, the Silk Road also served as a route for ideas and new religions. Buddhism arrived in India via the Silk Road and even today we can still admire the most ancient remnants of Buddhist art in China.
In China I had the pleasure of seeing the enormous 15-metre high Buddha Tiantishan in the Tiantishan Grottoes, one of China’s many highlights. Carved directly into the cliff, Tiantishan faces a magnificent, crystalline lake, which provides a stark contrast against the dry backdrop of the surrounding desert mountain range.

statue of Tiantishan Buddha Silk Road China
This impressive 15 metre-high Buddha is carved right into the cliff.

I also saw one of the most treasured locations of early Chinese Buddhist art: the Mogao Caves. These caves are decorated with paintings and murals depicting status of Buddhas and mythical beings, some as old as 1,500 years. When you set foot in the Mogao caves, you certainly feel a sense of privilege to see these masterpieces for yourself.
Mogao caves in Dunhuang china along Silk Road
These grottos and caves are some of the most important and magnificent treasures of early Chinese Buddhism.

Climb to the end of the Great Wall of China

Most travellers have heard of the Great Wall of China, but how many can say they’ve been to its westernmost extremity? To be honest, I’ve never seen the postcard-perfect sections of the Great Wall, the perfectly reconstructed bits accessible via the capital, but I can now say I’ve visited the very end of the wall!
The fort in Jiayuguan used to separate the known, civilised world from the barbarian lands. The Great Wall of China at Jiau Pass is still present today and is the largest and most intact pass of the Great Wall. It joins up with the Jiayuguan fort and winds across ridges of the Desert Mountains. Although it’s less architecturally impressive than their postcard counterparts, it was wonderful to tread on these Great Wall stones, even if many sections are actually reconstructions.

extreme west of the Great Wall of China
The end of the Great Wall of China.

Admire the Terracotta Warriors

The beginning of the Silk Road in Xi’an was China’s capital for hundreds of years. It was home to many kings and emperors, including Emperor Qin of 3rd century B.C. the first emperor to unify China. You can’t go to Xi’an without visiting Emperor Qin’s tomb and visit the thousands of terracotta warriors buried alongside in his eternal resting place. The site alone is impressive with its grandeur—in fact, only a part of the army was ever unearthed. Tomb raiding is still a concern today. Thousands of labourers dedicated a phenomenal amount of time to create the terracotta army, with the sole purpose of protecting the Emperor in the afterlife. How can a traveller not be amazed by such a feat?

terracotta warriors’ army of emperor Qin in China’s Silk Road
Emperor Qin’s famous Terracotta Army—one of the biggest archeological discoveries of our time.

Road of mystery

The Silk Road is more than a geographical voyage; it’s a cultural and historic journey. The Silk Route fashioned the identity of this region, and even though I only visited the province of Gansu on my first foray of the route, I realize the importance the Road plays in the history of civilization. I only got a glimpse of it, and I would have to spend months travelling the road to truly understand it. The road harbours many mysteries and this is why I want to go back. Speaking of mysteries, did you know that the Gansu region and the Chinese portion of the Silk Road are very rarely visited by westerners? If you’re looking for a destination truly off the beaten path, Gansu and the Chinese end of the Silk Road is it!
If you’re travelling to these remote areas in China, or anywhere along the Silk Road, don’t forget your travel insurance. As a frequent traveller taking my fourth trip this year, I was definitely glad to have TuGo’s Multi Trip Annual insurance.
Happy travels,
Rachel is a travel blogger from Quebec who’s been travelling the world for several years.

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3 thoughts on “Highlights from the Chinese End of the Silk Road

  1. Hi Ben,
    Glad that you enjoyed reading our post. Our guest blogger, Rachel does share a great itinerary that even covers some remote destinations.
    Do you have any tips from your trip to the Silk Road? We would love to hear your experiences!
    Happy Travels,

    1. Hi Shweta thanks for the reply. I have a lot of things Id love to share with the travel aspect within China. Would love to contribute a guest blog on here if you would have me 🙂

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