The Canadian government is strengthening border security and exit controls with a series of regulations that impact visitors to Canada. It started with the Electronic Travel Authorization for visa-exempt visitors (eTA), which came into effect on March 15, 2016. Starting November 10, 2016, Canadians with dual citizenship are now required to carry their Canadian passports to fly to Canada. Here are some key answers and details for dual citizens looking for more information about the new regulations:

Can I use my foreign passport or apply for eTA as a dual citizen? 

As a Canadian expat, if you’ve been flying home to Canada using your passport from a visa-exempt country, you can still do so until Nov. 9th, 2016. After this leniency period, you’ll no longer be able to use your foreign passport or apply for an eTA to enter Canada. Instead, you’ll need a travel document to prove your citizenship.

What do I need to prove my Canadian citizenship?

Until now, Canadian dual citizens could prove their Canadian citizenship with their driver’s licence or citizenship card. However, with the new regulations starting Nov. 10th, 2016, only the following documents will grant entry into Canada by air:

  • A valid Canadian passport
  • A temporary Canadian passport or
  • An emergency travel document
dual citizens passport travel to canada
Dual Canadian citizens will need a valid Canadian passport or travel document when flying into Canada starting Nov. 10th, 2016.

Temporary passports and emergency travel documents are only issued on a case-by-case basis, so dual Canadian citizens should make sure that they renew their Canadian passports in case they are invalid or expired.

Does this rule apply to all points of entry?

Currently, the eTA regulation for foreign nationals and the passport requirement for dual citizens only apply when you fly to Canada–not when you enter the country via land or sea.

Air travellers should present a valid Canadian passport at check-in to board their flight. If you don’t have the appropriate documents, contact the nearest Government of Canada office before flying.

What about dual citizens with both Canadian and US passports?


For now, dual Canadian American citizens are exempt from this regulation and can still use their US passports to fly to Canada. For dual citizens crossing the border by land, they will not be impacted either, as the regulation only impacts air travellers.

How can dual citizens travel safely with two passports?

According to Statistics Canada, almost 3% or 944,700 individuals had multiple citizenships as of 2011. Many dual Canadian citizens are now concerned about the inconvenience and increased risk of carrying two passports in Canada. There are a few steps you can take to keep your passports safe and make your immigration more seamless:

  • Make sure that both passports align in terms of name, sex and date of birth to help you identify as the same person. Name changes and maiden or married names should be the same in both passports to reduce any confusion or hold ups during check-in or immigration.
  • Your Canadian passport lets you travel to 172 countries with no visa or visa upon arrival. In case you’re travelling to a different country using both your Canadian as well as foreign passport, make sure you use the same passport for entry and exit from that country.
  • Save copies of both your passports online and with friends or family at home as back up, and inform authorities immediately in case of a lost, stolen or damaged passport.
  • Always check your passport’s validity and the entry or exit rules for your destination before you leave. Follow our guide to see how to check if your Canadian passport is valid for travel.

Have more questions about the new regulation for dual citizens? Share them below in the comment section or tweet us @tugoinsurance.

Safe travels,


Find related articles on travel
  • Allison Glen

    I’m a dual (UK/Canada) citizen whose Canadian passport expired years ago. I prefer to apply for this passport whilst visiting Canada. Is it still ok to fly to the USA then enter Canada via train travel using my UK passport? Can’t get a definite answer from Canadian government contacts (just standard replies).

    • TuGo

      Hi Allison,

      Thank you for your question. While the new entry regulation for dual Canadian citizens highlights the requirement of a valid Canadian passport when travelling by air, the Canada Border Services Agency highly recommends that you also carry proper identification when you enter Canada via land or sea (

      To get a more definite answer, contact your nearest Canadian embassy or consulate in UK ( You could also try posting your query on the Citizenship and Immigration Canada Twitter account ( ). Hope this helps!

      Happy travels,


  • ambell

    Cheeky question here, but how can they prevent Canadians entering Canada with a British passport and ETA visa? How would they know you’re Canadian?

    • TuGo

      Hi Ambell,

      Great question! While British passport holders need an eTA to enter Canada, you won’t be able to apply for one as a dual Canadian citizen ( Starting November 10, 2016, the Government of Canada’s electronic system now verifies whether or not you have appropriate travel documents before you board your flight to Canada (, which means that you’ll need to show a valid Canadian passport to allow airline officials to check you in.

      Hope this resolves your query!

      Happy travels,


  • Mimi Amleh

    Quick question I have to renew my canadian passport because there’s a mistake….can my piece of identity be my american passport?

  • Brodie Chase

    Maybe a dumb question…but is there a difference between Canadian-American citizenship (born in Canada) and American-Canadian citizenship (Born in the US)?

    • TuGo

      Hi Brodie,

      That’s not a dumb question at all! Since both countries have separate laws regarding immigration, dual nationality and citizenship, the answer would depend on your specific situation, along with the information you’re looking for – whether it’s related to travel, taxation or other regulations. From a travel perspective, the biggest difference would probably be when you seek consular assistance. As highlighted on the Government of Canada’s website, citizenship is determined solely by national laws, and the decision to recognize dual citizenship rests completely with the country you’re in when seeking consular assistance.

      Although U.S. authorities don’t formally require dual nationals to carry both U.S. and Canadian passports, it’s always a good idea to carry both documents, as proof of citizenship may help facilitate entry into the U.S. and your return back to Canada. I hope this answers your question!

      Happy travels,